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EICR – Codes in more detail

EICRs are graded as satisfactory or unsatisfactory rather than pass or fail.  However, to be clear an unsatisfactory test is a fail when it comes to letting out a property for tenants or paying guests and any unsatisfactory issues need to be fixed before doing so.

Every EICR should have a summary near the front of the report highlighting any issues and the report should clearly state the satisfactory or unsatisfactory grading – usually on the front sheet.

There is then a more detailed report which will show exactly where any issues have been found and need action.

The gradings are C1, C2, C3 and F1.

Any CI, C2 and F1 issues found will classify the inspection as unsatisfactory and will need the issues fixed.

C3 issues do not need immediate action and a property can continue to be let but it could lead to a bigger issue later.

The good news is you don’t need a full new EICR after any remedial work as each piece of work will be certified in its own right and have its own certificate. This should then be retained with the main report to show compliance and that issues have been addressed.

The codes in more detail

C1 – Danger Present. Risk of Injury. Immediate action required.

This is the highest priority code used in an EICR inspection and means there is a risk of fire or an electrical shock.  It should be made safe as soon as possible.

C1 codes can include findings such as exposed live wires, broken light switches or sockets

These either need to be repaired, fully isolated or taken out of use.

C2 – Potentially dangerous. Urgent action required.

One step down from the C1 code but still a significant hazard and needs to be made safe.

C2 codes can include earthing issues or an RCD that does not trip when tested.

C3 – Improvement recommended.

This usually means that part of the electrical installation does not meet current wiring regulations although there is no immediate danger.

C3 codes can include the location of a plug socket which could potentially cause damage to a plug or flex or be situated in an unsatisfactory area.

C3 are advisory and the report can still be deemed satisfactory but can lead to further bigger issues later.

FI – Further investigation required.

This code means the electrician has identified an issue but it needs further investigation to ensure it is safe.  Following further investigation the issue can be graded appropriately.  It may require further specialist advice or just more time (maybe when a premises is unoccupied).

Examples include unverified circuits within the system or emergency lighting is very low output.



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